The word Aborigine is a Latin word, which is combined
of “ab” and “origine”.
“Ab” means from and “origine” means the
beginning. So it means from the beginning. Scientists have found out that
Aborigines were in Australia 60.000 years ago.
They comed over the land bridge of Newguinea to
The Aborigines were always fascinied of her land. The
land gaves the native inhabitants all they need to survive, so they had to
obtain her food the completly day. The men hunted and the women
collected fruits and plants which they used for eating, as tools or for
Over 200 years ago the Aborigines were unknown for the
European and the Australian continent was undiscovered. Up to this time the
native people could build up a complex culture. They live free and easy. But
after the discovery of Australia threatened the end of the aborigines.
With the destruction of many clans the aborigines lost a lot of culture,
and also identity and the desire to live. Today the Aborigines are still
a minority in the own land.
The nomadism lived in simply huts. On
huntings were used boomerangs. But the boomerangs wasn’t used only for
hunting, but also for sport.
The aborigines, that means all clans and tribes. Some
clans are for example “Yolngu", Murri", "Koori", "Nanga", "Nyungar" and
"Wonghi". Often the different groups have meetings. On such a meeting they do
traditionel ceremonies. They give the tradition to the sons and daughters. They
dance, sing and make a lot of music. This ceremonies were often called
dreamtime. On a lot of millenia were the love of the aborigines to the land
bigger and bigger. They developed a lot of traditions. It existing a lot of
rock drawings and cave paintings. It shows often the mystical
elements of this dreamtimes.
Very famous are the legends about dreamtime. Legends
are from tribe to tribe different, because it isn’t existing a real
aboriginal language or culture. But every legend has got same objects. One
legend we want to present you:
The Origin of the Fire
The fire comes from heaven. Two brothers Kanbi and
Jitabidi lived there near the southern cross. One day they had no food. They
went to the earth down with a firestick. The two brothers made a camp and went
for hunting. They hunted long time. The firesticks gets boredom and they
played with fire. As the brothers returned to the camp they saw a big bushfire.
Kanbi and Jitabidi went back to heaven with the firesticks and the food. Some
aborigines saw this bushfire and felt the heat. They took a piece of
burning wood away. From this moment the brothers Kanbi and Jitabidi had divide
the fire with aborigines.
:::The legends are often wrote so, that they are
understandable for kids. On the first view it looks like a fairytale. But
the real sense of such legends are deeper.
Culture and Language
In the past exists over 250 different languages in
Australia. The temporal different immigration declare the big number of
languages. Southern tribes are older than northern tribes. Because of the
advanced colonialism over 100 languages were lost.
A lot of clans are interest in the language from the
ancestors. In australian school the kids have two languages: english and the
language of the natives.
Some examples for the language are:
Booroowal – day; chooka-chooka -
dream; goonagulla – heaven; ilchar-atnitta – hand;
thonku mundil – night; willawatta-thuyi –
The aborigines have special, unusuall notes about
cultivating of plants. Scientist search for this notes. It’s difficult,
because they aren’t wrote down. Just the old inhabitants have got this
Rock drawings, cave paintings and other works of art
you can find mostly in holy places of the Aborigines, it means on big rocks or
caves. They painted often animals, ghosts and situations of hunting in
geometrical forms. Mostly they describe the dreamtime. You can find such
paintings also on boomerangs, didgeridoos or spears. Sometimes they paint
just the outline of persons and animals. In this persons or animals they paint
organs or the scelett. They painted with red, yellow, black and white
colors, which they get out of the nature. For example they get the color black
A very popular kind of painting is
In the past the dot paintings were a kind of maps,
which shows specialities of the land. Later they were painted for dreaming
journeys. Everything they painted looks like an imprint in the sand
– a lot of little points.
Feelings and experiences the native inhabitants of
Australia show with music. For us sounds every song like the other. The reason
for this is probably the many repeats of the rhythm instruments. The most known
rhythm instrument is the didgeridoo.
The didgeridoo is also called Yedaki. This is the
oldest instrument of the world. The aborigines used this instrument 40.000 years
ago. But what is a didgeridoo?
The didgeridoo is a windinstrument, which you can put
into the aerophone group. It’s an tree-trunk, mostly of
eucalyptus-wood. Termits ate the wood inside the tree-trunk. Eucalyptus wood
which is often used is Red River Gum or Wollybut. Today you can also buy bambus
The didges are all different. No didge is like
another. Didgeridoos can be long, short, fat, thin, painted or unpainted. So
different like the appearience is also the sound. Every yedaki had another
On the thin end of a digeridoo is often a
mouthpiece of beeswax, which let not flow out the air. The wax you
can form very good and so every player can form it specialy. The didgeridoo you
have to play with a special form of breathing. The name of this form is circular
breathing. This breathing is important for global tone.
Usually it’s impossible to breathe in and in the
same time to breathe out. With help of your cheeks and your tonque you
have to press the air in your mouth out. In the same moment you have to breath
in with you nose. This is the circular breathing. It existing a lot of
possibilities to learn this breathing.
The tongue is important for doing special
With help of the tonque the australian
didgeridooplayers imitate often sounds of animals, for example dingo,
owl or wild donkey.
Another instrument is
the bullroarer. On festivals the aborigines make it on the head and let
it swing. Then it produce a crying sound.
Tourists which want contact with aborigines have often
bad luck, because the inhabitants don’t want to be bothered. But
the existence of the inhabitants don’t looks good. A lot of them are
unemployed, therefor they dring a lot of alcohol.
Racism is often showed. Politicians tell often about
the “lazy blacks”. Some organisations collect money for the
aborigines. They tell about Guilt Money. A lot of politicians are against
such sums. In this moment they forget, that all what the aborigines built were
in just 200 years destroyed.
Every year the aborigines do the Australia Day. They
protest against the oppression.
Many artists showed, that they aren’t just an
oppression. The rock group Yothu Yindi becamed world-famous with the hit
“Treaty”. Collectors of art pay a lot of money for australien