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Referat

TitelArabic for beginners 
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SpracheEnglisch 
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Schlagworte 
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There are 28 letters in the Arabic alphabet:

Pronunciation
Arabic:
Name
Spelling

Pronunciation:
Arabic:
Name
Spelling
a
 
?
alif
ÃÃÃ
 
d
thick d
?
dad
ÖÖÖ
b
 
?
ba'
ÈÈÈ
 
t
thick t
?
tta'
ØØØ
t
 
Ê
ta'
ÊÊÉ(É)
 
th
[though]
?
tha'
ÙÙÙ
th
[think]
?
tha'
ËËË
 
a
throat
?
´ayn
ÚÚÚ
dsch
[judge]
?
jeem
ÌÌÌ
 
r
palate
?
rayn
ÛÛÛ

[hate]
?
ha'
ÍÍÍ
 
f
 
?
fa'
ÝÝÝ
ch
 
?
kha'
ÎÎÎ
 
q
 
?
qaf
ÞÞÞ
d
 
?
dal
ÏÏÏ
 
k
 
?
kaf
ßßß
th
[there]
?
dhal
ÐÐÐ
 
l
 
?
lam
ááá
r
tongue
?
ra'
ÑÑÑ
 
m
 
?
meem
ããã
z
[zero]
?
zay
ÒÒÒ
 
n
 
?
noon
äää
ß
 
?
seen
ÓÓÓ
 
h
 
å
ha'
ååå(å)
sh
[should]
?
sheen
ÔÔÔ
 
w(u)
[what]
?
waw
æææ
s
[base]
?
sad
ÕÕÕ
 
y(i)
 
?
ya'
ííí
ƒ Pronunciation:
German (Quite a few letters are easier to compare with German letters!)
English (this letters sound like English letters)
Other (these letters can not be compared with German/English sounds)
ƒ Spelling:
ÈÈÈ means (right to left): b...at the start/middle/end of the word (or detached)

In Arabic you use Indian figures (we use the Arabian!).
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Numbers are written from the left to the right! (For instance: 13.7603 = ??, ????)



Originaldokument enthält an dieser Stelle eine Grafik!
Original document contains a graphic at this position!

Some examples for decorative Arabic writing:


Originaldokument enthält an dieser Stelle eine Grafik!
Original document contains a graphic at this position!



Originaldokument enthält an dieser Stelle eine Grafik!
Original document contains a graphic at this position!






Arabic is written from the right to the left!
Here are some words, their pronunciation and their meaning:

Ç?
[allah]
god
ÔóãúÓñ
[shems]
sun
ÌåÇÏ
[jihad]
the “Holy war“
ÅÓ?ã
[islam]
Islam
ÞÑÂä
[kurr-an]
Quran
ÓæÑíÉ
[suria]
Syria
ÏöãÔÞ
[dmashq]
Damascus
ØÑíÞ
[tariaq]
road
ÓóíÇÑóÉñ
[sijara]
car
ÅÈä
[Ibn]
son
ÑõÒ
[rz]
rice
Óößíäñ
[sikkiin]
knife
ßáúÈñ
[kelb]
dog
ÃÓæÏ
[aswad]
black
ÝÇÖ?
[fadi]
empty
Ìóãóá
[jmaal]
camel
ÍÌÑ
[hajar]
stone
ÝÊÍ
[fatah]
open

[shahar]
month
ÕÈÇÍÇáÎíÑ
[sabach al-chir]
Good morning!
ÔßÑÇð
[shukran]
Thank you!
æíáøí æíãøÑ
[wuilli wuimmr]
Willi Wimmer



Originaldokument enthält an dieser Stelle eine Grafik!
Original document contains a graphic at this position!






Originaldokument enthält an dieser Stelle eine Grafik!
Original document contains a graphic at this position!



Originaldokument enthält an dieser Stelle eine Grafik!
Original document contains a graphic at this position!
























Originaldokument enthält an dieser Stelle eine Grafik!
Original document contains a graphic at this position!



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