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When the white people first came to Australia,
about 300.000 Australian Aborigines were living there, in about 600 different
groups or tribes.
They came to Australia 100.000 years ago, at
that time the land was joind to New Guinea in the north.
The Abotigines spoke many different langues,
told wonderful stories about the “DREAMTIME” and painted pictures of
them on the walles of caves.
They lived in small familygroups, hunting and
trying to find things to eat, but they never took all of it because the
Abborigines understood and loved their land. The women looked for plants and
small animals to eat, and the men hunted lager animals, like kangaroos and
But the dream ended, when the Europeans wanted
land, and so they pushed the Aborigines out of their way. Many of them were
poisend or shot. Many more died from white men´s illnesses, like
White Australians had no interest in th
Aborigines and did nothing to help them. But the Aborigines will not let them
forget. They want to use their own laws. They want to keep their holy lands
back. Some places, like Ayers Rock were very holy to them. Ayers Rock is called
Uluru by the Aborigines who own the National Park. This stoneblock is one of
the biggest stumbling blocks in the world. It is out of sandstone, six miles
around, more than one mile and a half long and 1100 feet high.
Since 1970 the Ayers Rock is owned by the
aborigines, but the most of their land belongs to the white men. So they had
lost most of their culture and lots of the Aborigines became
Now the Aborigines make up about 1.5 percent of
From the 1970s on a lot of money was spent to
give a better education and health care to them. So some of their land was given
back, like the National Park. It is in the northern Australia, about two hours
by car from Darwin . The park is 6.000 square km and there are lot of animals to
find, like very huge and dangerous crocodiles. But you can also find cave
paintings which are maybe more than 20.000 years old. If you want you can look
for different birds and if you are lucky, you are able to see many coloured
parrots and the biggest cackatoo, which is all black exept for a red beak. Or
you can take a photo of a big goanna licking the toes of a frightened tourist
resting at one of the many pools or waterfalls.